title: Gal 3.26-29 Throughout the letter Paul will actually call the "circumcision", his challengers, Gentiles [read greek], slaves, and women, IN ORDER
In this letter Paul calls the circumcision Gentiles, slaves, and women in order:
- He speaks of Abraham, their father, as being justified by faith, with the implication it occurred BEFORE HE WAS CIRCUMCISED, and thus a gentile (an argument we see him use in Romans as well). Galatians 3.6-18
- Paul begins to instruct the Galatians on the chronological relationship of the circumcision group’s/Israel’s origins in Abraham, to the giving of the Torah and here demonstrates that while heirs, and children, THEY ARE SLAVES, KEPT IN GUARDIANSHIP until the Messiah should appear (the implication may be until the Messiah appears in their heart, thus meaning they remain slaves if they insist on the guardianship of the Torah) Galatians 3.19-4.12
- This last one is the most provocative: Paul calls his detractors a Gentile slave woman: Hagar. He then highlights everyone’s status as arising from a women, either Hagar or Sarah. Galatians 4.21-4.31
Incredibly, Paul seems to be laying out a Chinese finger trap in his letter for his detractors. He seems to be saying, if you insist on distinctions, then go ahead and enforce them: but understand the ones persuading you are Gentile slave women.
This sets the stage for his final coup d’état from his would be usurpers. In this passage, Galatians 5.1-15 we get a very famous verse:
Galatians 5:12 (LEB)12 I wish that the ones who are disturbing you would also ⌊castrate themselves⌋!
Galatians 5:12 (LGNTI:SBL)12 ὄφελον καὶ ἀποκόψονται οἱ ἀναστατοῦντες ὑμᾶς.
This is Paul’s death blow. In the context just enumerated Paul is making it clear: your insistence on distinctions is already disinheriting you, you might as well go the whole way, and make yourself a Eunuch:
- One who is not a male according to the Torah’s obligation
- One who is often a slave (an act that Gentile masters performed since Jews detested the act and were told to circumcise their slaves)
- One who, like the Gentiles, have no share or inheritance with Abraham or his children because they can’t enter the assembly