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Asham | אֲשָׁמ֥ | Reparation Offering | Guilt Offering

A subset of the Chatat (Sin offering) - It includes repentance, repayment, and (typically) blood sacrifice

Doctrine (3)

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Exegesis (0)

  1. Leviticus 5 : 1 -13 See Doctrine

    notes-and-sketch-icon SEE NOTES AND SKETCH : Leviticus 5:1-13

    Exegetical Patterns and Emphasis in this Doctrine:

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  2. Leviticus 5 : 14 -19 See Doctrine

    notes-and-sketch-icon SEE NOTES AND SKETCH : Leviticus 5:14-19

    Exegetical Patterns and Emphasis in this Doctrine:

    • There are no exegetical tags for this doctrine yet.
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  3. Leviticus 6 : 1 -7 See Doctrine

    notes-and-sketch-icon SEE NOTES AND SKETCH : Leviticus 6:1-7


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    • Why are the verse numbers different in the Hebrew Text and the English text? This cues me in to the potential for disagreement on how to semantically divide the content/material…
    • How does verse 5:19, the preceding verse, set the context of this passage?
      • Leviticus 5:19 (LHB)19       אָשָׁ֖ם ה֑וּא אָשֹׁ֥ם אָשַׁ֖ם לַיהוָֽה׃ פ (Asham it is; he is guilting guilty (intensive) to Yahweh.
    • Why is the formula “Then/And Yahweh spoke to Moses saying…” employed here in 6:1?
    • Is this passage supposed to be read as an extension of the discussion of Asham offerings starting in 5:1-19 (English bibles)?
      • Is the difference here that the asham in 5:1-19 is for an unintentional sin (שְׁגָגָ֔ה) while the asham in 6:1-7 is for an intentional (heat of passion?) breaking of faith (וּמָעֲלָ֥ה מַ֖עַל)?
    • If this is an extension of the prior asham discussion, is a confession required in 6:1-7 like it is in 5:5?
    • Why is so much of this passage concerned with inappropriate acquisition of property? Does it have anything to do with threatening the sanctum like 5:1-4, or like 6:15?
      • If this passage is concerned with threatening the sanctum, how is that to be derived from concerns regarding property?
        • Is it to be derived from the line in 6:3 (and 6:5) “swears falsely”?
        • When they swore falsely, did they falsely swear by Yahweh’s name
          • If they falsely swore by Yahweh’s name, is that why the sanctum was threatened, because it is the domicile/habitation of the name of Yahweh?
          • Leviticus 22:32 (LEB) 32 “And you shall not profane my holy name, so that I may be consecrated in the midst of the ⌊Israelites⌋; I am Yahweh, who consecrates you,
          • Leviticus 21:6 (LEB)6 They shall be holy to their God, and they shall not profane the name of their God, because they are bringing near the offerings made by fire to Yahweh—their God’s food—and they shall be holy.
          • Leviticus 19:12 (LEB) 12 and you shall not swear ⌊falsely⌋ in my name, and so one of you profane the name of your God; I am Yahweh.
    • What does it mean to incur guilt in verse 7 (אֲשֶֽׁר־יַעֲשֶׂ֖ה לְאַשְׁמָ֥ה בָֽהּ׃ that which he will do to guilt in it [, **the action])?
      • Why is the word Ashmah, used here instead of “avon/iniquity” as in 5:17?

    Leviticus 6:1–7 (LEB)

    6  Then Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, “When a person ⌊displays infidelity⌋ against Yahweh and he deceives his fellow citizen regarding something entrusted or ⌊a pledge⌋ or stealing or he exploits his fellow citizen, or he finds lost property and lies about it and swears ⌊falsely⌋ ⌊in regard to⌋ any one of these things by which ⌊a person⌋ might commit sin, ⌊and when⌋ he sins and is guilty, then he shall bring back ⌊the things he had stolen⌋ or ⌊what he had extorted⌋ or ⌊something with which he had been entrusted⌋ or the lost property that he had found, or ⌊regarding⌋ anything about which he has sworn ⌊falsely⌋, then he shall repay it ⌊according to⌋ its value and shall add one-fifth of its value to it—he must give it ⌊to whom it belongs⌋ on the day of his guilt offering. And he must bring as his guilt offering to Yahweh a ram without defect from the flock by your valuation as a guilt offering to the priest, and the priest shall make atonement for him ⌊before⌋ Yahweh, and he shall be forgiven ⌊anything⌋ from all that he might do ⌊by which he might incur guilt⌋.”

    Leviticus 5:20–26 (LHB)

    20       וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר׃
    21       נֶ֚פֶשׁ כִּ֣י תֶחֱטָ֔א וּמָעֲלָ֥ה מַ֖עַל בַּיהוָ֑ה וְכִחֵ֨שׁ בַּעֲמִית֜וֹ בְּפִקָּד֗וֹן אֽוֹ־בִתְשׂ֤וּמֶת יָד֙ א֣וֹ בְגָזֵ֔ל א֖וֹ עָשַׁ֥ק אֶת־עֲמִיתֽוֹ׃
    22       אֽוֹ־מָצָ֧א אֲבֵדָ֛ה וְכִ֥חֶשׁ בָּ֖הּ וְנִשְׁבַּ֣ע עַל־שָׁ֑קֶר עַל־אַחַ֗ת מִכֹּ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־יַעֲשֶׂ֥ה הָאָדָ֖ם לַחֲטֹ֥א בָהֵֽנָּה׃
    23       וְהָיָה֮ כִּֽי־יֶחֱטָ֣א וְאָשֵׁם֒ וְהֵשִׁ֨יב אֶת־הַגְּזֵלָ֜ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר גָּזָ֗ל א֤וֹ אֶת־הָעֹ֙שֶׁק֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׁ֔ק א֚וֹ אֶת־הַפִּקָּד֔וֹן אֲשֶׁ֥ר הָפְקַ֖ד אִתּ֑וֹ א֥וֹ אֶת־הָאֲבֵדָ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר מָצָֽא׃
    24       א֠וֹ מִכֹּ֞ל אֲשֶׁר־יִשָּׁבַ֣ע עָלָיו֮ לַשֶּׁקֶר֒ וְשִׁלַּ֤ם אֹתוֹ֙ בְּרֹאשׁ֔וֹ וַחֲמִשִׁתָ֖יו יֹסֵ֣ף עָלָ֑יו לַאֲשֶׁ֨ר ה֥וּא ל֛וֹ יִתְּנֶ֖נּוּ בְּי֥וֹם אַשְׁמָתֽוֹ׃
    25       וְאֶת־אֲשָׁמ֥וֹ יָבִ֖יא לַיהוָ֑ה אַ֣יִל תָּמִ֧ים מִן־הַצֹּ֛אן בְּעֶרְכְּךָ֥ לְאָשָׁ֖ם אֶל־הַכֹּהֵֽן׃
    26       וְכִפֶּ֨ר עָלָ֧יו הַכֹּהֵ֛ן לִפְנֵ֥י יְהוָ֖ה וְנִסְלַ֣ח ל֑וֹ עַל־אַחַ֛ת מִכֹּ֥ל אֲשֶֽׁר־יַעֲשֶׂ֖ה לְאַשְׁמָ֥ה בָֽהּ׃ פ

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Tradition (0)

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Asham | אֲשָׁמ֥ | Reparation Offering | Guilt Offering : Notes and Sketch